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First-of-its-Kind PSA Campaign Boards the 86 Million American Adults with Prediabetes – doihaveprediabetes org
doihaveprediabetes org – Losing weight and staying healthy is at the top of everyone’s wish and New Year’s resolutions. But without stopping with the best of intentions, children at work and social events often push lifestyle vicissitudes to the bottom of the list. While many people are familiar with type 2 diabetes, few know about prediabetes, a serious health disorder that affects 86 million Americans (more than 1 in 3) and often leads to type 2 diabetes. -diabetes have blood glucose (sugar) levels that are above normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA), the American Medical Association (AMA), then the Middles for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are working together to raise awareness and help people with prediabetes know where they are and how to prevent type 1 diabetes. 2. Advertising Council to launch first national Public Service Advertising (PSA) campaign on pre-diabetes. The PSA campaign, with unprecedented communication techniques, was developed pro bono by Ogilvy & Mather New York for the Advertising Council.
Nearly 90 percent of persons with prediabetes are unaware they have it and are unaware of the long-term dangers to their health, including type 2 diabetes, heart attack and stroke. Current trends suggest that, if left untreated, 15 to 30 percent of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within five years. The good news is that prediabetes container often be upturned through weight loss, dietary changes, and augmented physical activity. Analysis is key: Research shows that once people know about their condition, they are more likely to make the necessary lifestyle changes.
Diagnosis – doihaveprediabetes org
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that most adults start diabetes screening at age 45. The ADA recommends having diabetes screening before age 45 if you are overweight and have prediabetes or additional risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
If you have gestational diabetes, your doctor will check your blood sugar levels at least every three years.
There are numerous blood tests for prediabetes.
Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test doihaveprediabetes org
This test designates your average blood sugar level over the past 2 to 3 months.
- Below 5.7% is normal
- 7% to 6.4% are diagnosed with prediabetes
- 5% or more on two separate tests indicated diabetes
Certain conditions can make an A1C test inaccurate, including if you are pregnant or have abnormal hemoglobin.
Fasting Blood Glucose Test doihaveprediabetes org
A blood example is taken after you have not eaten for at least eight hours or overnight (fasting).
Blood sugar values are expressed in milligrams of sugar per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles of sugar per liter (mmol/L). Generally:
- Less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal
- 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) diagnosed as prediabetes
- Diabetes is diagnosed if it is 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test doihaveprediabetes org
This test is used less frequently than others, except during pregnancy. You can fast overnight and then drink the sugary liquid at the primary care provider’s office or lab test site. Blood sugar levels are checked periodically for the next two hours.
- Less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal
- 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 to 11.0 mmol/L) is consistent with prediabetes.
- 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or more after two hours indicates diabetes
If you have prediabetes, your doctor will usually test your blood sugar at least once a year.
Child Screening and Pre-Diabetes doihaveprediabetes org
Type 2 diabetes is becoming more mutual in children and adolescents, likely due to the rise in childhood obesity.
The ADA recommends screening for prediabetes in children who are overweight or obese and have one or more other danger factors for type 2 diabetes:
- Family history of type 2 diabetes
- Being of one race or ethnicity is associated with an increased risk
- low birth weight
- Born to a mother with gestational diabetes
Normal blood sugar levels, pre-diabetes and diabetes, are the same in children and adults.
Children with prediabetes should be screened for type 2 diabetes annually — or if the child changes weight or develops signs or symptoms of diabetes, such as increased thirst, urination, fatigue, or blurred vision.
Treatment – doihaveprediabetes org
Healthy lifestyle choices can help normalize blood sugar levels, or at least prevent them from rising to the levels understood in type 2 diabetes.
To prevent prediabetes from rolling to type 2 diabetes, try the following:
Moreover, Eat healthy foods. But, A diet rich in fruits, root vegetable, nuts, whole ounces and olive oil is associate with a lower risk of diabetes. Choose foods that remain low in fat and calories and high in fiber. Eat a variety of foods that help you achieve your goals without compromising on taste or nutrition.
Be more active. Physical activity helps control your weight, uses sugar for energy, and helps the body use insulin more effectively. Aim to get at smallest 150 minutes of reasonable aerobic activity or 75 minutes of energetic aerobic activity, or a mixture of reasonable and vigorous exercise.
Lose more weight. If you’re overweight, losing 5% to 7% of your body weight — about 6.4 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds — can significantly decrease your risk of type 2 diabetes. After that, To save your weight in a healthy range, focus on making permanent changes to your diet and exercise habits.
Stop smoking. Quitting smoking improves insulin action, improving blood sugar levels.
Moreover, Take the necessary medicines. If you are at high peril for diabetes, your doctor may prescribe metformin (Glumeza). Medicines to control cholesterol and high blood pressure may also be prescribe.
Child Care and Pre-Diabetes doihaveprediabetes org
Children with prediabetes should follow recommended lifestyle changes for people with type 2 diabetes, including:
- Weight loss
- Eat less refined carbohydrates and fats and more fiber
- Reducing portion size
- Eat out less often
- Get at least one time of physical activity every day
Children with diabetes are usually not prescribe medication unless lifestyle changes improve blood sugar levels. If medication is require, metformin is the most commonly prescrib medication.
Alternative Medicine doihaveprediabetes org
Moreover, Several alternative therapies have been toute as possible ways to treat or prevent type 2 diabetes. But there is no conclusive evidence that alternative therapies are effective. But, Treatments that may be helpful and safe for type 2 diabetes include:
- Indian cinnamon
- Shantan gum
Moreover, If you’re considering nutritional supplements or other alternative therapies to treat or prevent prediabetes, talk to your doctor. Some supplements or alternative therapies can be harmful when combined with certain prescription drugs. After that, Your doctor can help you consider the pros and cons of a specific alternative treatment.
Preparing for Your Meeting doihaveprediabetes org
You can start by referring your primary care breadwinner. He or she may mention you to a diabetes specialist (endocrinologist), nutritionist, or certified diabetes educator.
Here is approximately info to help you prepare for your appointment.
What can you do?
Before your consultation, please follow these steps:
- Ask about any pre-appointment restrictions. You should fast for at smallest eight hours before your appointment so your doctor can measure your fasting blood sugar level.
- [List the symptoms you have and for how long.]
- [List all medications, vitamins and supplements you income, including dosages.]
- List important personal and medical information, including other conditions, recent life changes, and stressors.
- Prepare questions to ask your doctor.
Some basic questions to ask:
- How to prevent pre-diabetes from turning into type 2 diabetes?
- Do I need to take medicine? If yes, what side effects can I expect?
- I have other medical conditions. How can I better manage them together?
- How much exercise should I do per week?
- Should I avoid any food? Can I still eat sugar?
- Should I see a nutritionist?
- Can you recommend any local programs to prevent diabetes?
What to expect from your doctor doihaveprediabetes org
Your doctor may ask a amount of questions, including:
- Has your weight changed recently?
- Do you exercise regularly? If yes, for how extended and how often?
- Do you have diabetes in your family?